The desire of South Asia’s Muslim population to preserve its identity inside Hindu society gave rise to the Pakistan ideology. The Muslims got to know that Hinduism and Islam were not just two religions but also two social systems that gave rise to two different cultures. The two are incompatible with one another.
A thorough examination of this country’s history demonstrates that the conflicts between Hindus and Muslims extend beyond the struggle for political dominance and take the form of disputes between two social orders. Despite having coexisted for more than a millennium, they have continued to cultivate various cultures and traditions. Their musical tastes, architectural styles, and writing styles are completely different.
Read more: | What is ideology? Quaid-e-Azam and Pakistan Ideology
Allama Iqbal and Pakistan Ideology
We all know that Allama Iqbal gave a philosophical explanation of the ideology of Pakistan; Quaid-e-Azam transferred it into reality; Pakistan’s constitution gave it a legal sanction.
The Vision of a Separate Muslim State
Men like Allama Iqbal are only occasionally born. He understood the importance of Islam in Muslims’ daily life. At the annual meeting of Anjuman Himayat-i-Islam in Lahore in 1899, he made his first public appearance and read the poem Nala-i-Yatim. Dr. Iqbal initially held nationalist beliefs, and Tarana-i-Hind was one of his poems. His poetry was a criticism of the prevailing social norms. He got an education in Europe and was familiar with all the worst features of Western society. He decried materialism, capitalism, and the absence of spirituality.
Keen Interest in Conditions of the Indian Muslims
December 1930 address to the Muslim League session in Allahabad
The apex of Iqbal’s political career occurred in 1930 when he audaciously declared the Muslim demand for the establishment of a separate Muslim state within India at the annual meeting of the All India Muslim League. He stated:
“I would like to see the Punjab, NWFP, Sindh, and Balochistan amalgamated into a single state as self-government within the British Empire or without the British Empire. Moreover, The formation of a consolidated North-West Indian Muslim state appears to me to be the final destiny of the Muslims, at least, of North-West India.“
Iqbal basically gave the idea of Pakistan. He gave the Indian Muslims the motivation to call for their own country. In reality, he laid the groundwork for Mr. Jinnah, who eventually guided the Muslim community toward the creation of Pakistan. In these lines, Mr. Jinnah expressed his gratitude to Dr. Iqbal for his assistance:
“His views were substantially in consonance with my own and had finally led me to the same conclusions as a result of careful examination and study of the constitutional problems facing India.“
Two days following the Lahore Resolution, Mr. Jinnah gave him a homage that:
“If I live to see the idea of a Muslim state being achieved and I were then offered to make the choice between the works of Iqbal and the rulership of the Muslim state, I would prefer the former.”