There is an energy crisis all over the world. The fundamental reason for this crisis is the overconsumption of energy items in every field. Energy crisis solutions are very significant nowadays to discuss. It is because they are impacting the environment very badly. Various effects of the energy crisis we can see in our daily life. This article aims at the energy crisis and its solution in Pakistan specifically but also the world can apply them. The development of human civilization has increased our reliance on conventional energy sources. And, the most basic energy source is priceless fossil fuels. All of these sources will inevitably result in specific outcomes when used.
Implications of Energy Crisis
The following are some significant implications of the global energy crisis:
1. Environmental Effects
Burning fossil fuels yields energy. This has an impact on the environment in addition to fossil fuel supplies. Carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases are released during the burning of fossil fuels. Greenhouse gases are harmful to the planet. These gases create the blanket on earth which doesn’t allow infrared radiation to go back into the air. Thus, global warming increases.
2. Substantial Amount of Fuel Resources
The demand for these fuels is rising every day, but their supply is declining daily as each day goes by. Eventually, it causes the price to rise continuously. This causes significant economic disruption on a global scale.
3. Political Turmoil
This is the fact that the energy crisis causes some socioeconomic problems. Besides, it greatly contributes to political unrest all around the world. It is because of the desire for fossil fuels. Besides, we see crashes in energy markets. It also influences political instability.
4. Negative impact on Tourism
The tourism industry depends largely on rising and falling fuel prices. The sharp increase in fuel prices due to the energy crisis is negatively affecting the tourism industry.
Also Read: Climate Crisis of South Asia
Possible Solutions to the Energy Crisis
A lot of solutions to the energy crisis have been proposed but they are not been widely adopted yet.
1. Switch to Renewable resources
The best solution is to reduce the world’s reliance on non-renewable resources. We can do it by improving overall conservation efforts. The industrial age was largely powered by fossil fuels. However, now we have discovered all those technologies which empower renewable ones. Its examples are solar, steam, wind, biomass, etc.
2. Purchase Energy-efficient items
Replace incandescent bulbs with CFLs and LEDs. They consume fewer watts of power and last longer. If millions of people use LEDs and CFLs for their purposes, energy demand will fall. And eventually, the world can avoid the energy crisis. It is one of the best energy crisis solutions. According to a recent government plan, Pakistan is going to stop the production of incandescent lights from February 1, 2023. Moreover, inefficient eclectic fens production is also going to be suspended by 1st July 2023.
3. Lighting Regulation
There are several new technologies available that make lighting regulation interesting. We can save energy with them. Furthermore, they help save a significant amount of money.
Preset lighting controls and integrated lighting controls are examples of lighting controls. They can help lower lighting costs.
4. Easier Access to Grid
There are several people who generate power through various systems. They should be allowed to plug into the grid nearby and receive compensation for it. The difficulties we should eliminate are associated with it. Additionally, the government should provide subsidies for solar panels. It will encourage people to have more renewable resources.
5. Simulation of Energy
Big corporations can use energy simulation software to redesign the building unit. Furthermore, It can reduce operating business energy costs. Engineers and architects can use them to create the most energy-efficient buildings. Besides, it will reduce the carbon footprint.
6. Conduct an Energy Audit
An energy audit refers to the procedure that helps you discover places in your home or workplace where energy is being wasted. Besides, we can measure how we can enhance energy efficiency. If an expert person conducts this energy audit, it can minimize our carbon footprint. Furthermore, it can save money and energy too. Thus we can end the energy crisis.
7. Common Stand on Climate Change
Climate change should be addressed by both wealthy and poor countries. They should concentrate on lowering greenhouse gas emissions via an efficient cross-border method.
8. Public-Private Partnership
Pakistan’s public sector needs to prioritize using renewable energy. Additionally, the Pakistani government should work with technologically sophisticated nations. According to the recent government plan, Government departments will reduce energy consumption by 30%. Alternate street lights will be turned on at a time.
9. Awareness Campaigns
Awareness campaigns need to be conducted to save energy. These campaigns should convey ideas to consume less energy.
Example – Energy Crisis Solutions
China is a great example of it. Pakistan should take advantage of this chance to strengthen bilateral ties with them. Besides, the government must also support public-private partnerships and subsidize the renewable energy sector.